As you can see from the charts above, there is strong preferences amongst the Year 1 students for pursuing diplomacy, traditional and public. Interestingly, while there is generally opposition to both covert action and using force in a preventative strike, although roughly 1 in 4 students support the use of force, there is also general support for ending economic sanctions against Iran as well. These preferences shouldn't simply be interpreted as the naiveté of young minds; a review of the assigned readings and content in the bibliography below is worthy (in my humble opinion) of belonging in a university setting. Rather, I interpret the student's preference for diplomacy over other policy options towards Iran as stemming from a shrewd consideration of the available costs and benefits of all policy options available to the US, given the dynamics of the current geopolitical environment.
As with the Year 2 students work last year, we'll wrap up this unit by simulating a crisis decision-making situation with the Truman National Security Project's simulation, Tell Me How This Ends. This simulation gives students the opportunity to manage their own US administration through a simulated strike on Iran's nuclear facilities. The debrief on this simulation is always interesting and informative. This year will be no different as I am collecting data for my doctoral dissertation, via student survey responses, as to the degree to which they perceive Tell Me How This Ends as an engaging activity towards learning the prescribed concepts and learning outcomes in our IB Global Politics course.
As always, special thanks to the folks at the Council on Foreign Relations, the CFR's Academic Initiative, the Truman National Security Project, and of course the International Baccalaureate for supporting the work of high school students and their study of international politics.
You can see all of the related blog posts and evidence of work in class here. The complete bibliography for this section of the course is below.
Allison, G. (2010, January/February). Nuclear disorder: Surveying atomic threats. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/65732/graham-allison/nuclear-disorder?nocache=1
Bruno, G. (2010, March 10). Iran's nuclear program. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/iran/irans-nuclear-program/p16811
Council on Foreign Relations. (2009). Nuclear energy guide. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/interactives/IG_Nuclear/index.html#/overview/
Council on Foreign Relations. (2012). Crisis guide: Iran. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/interactives/CG_Iran/index.html?cid=oth-redirect-crisis_guide_iran
Council on Foreign Relations. (2013). Nuclear proliferation. Global Governance Monitor. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/global-governance/global-governance-monitor/p18985#!/nuclear-proliferation
Council on Foreign Relations. (2013, June 25). The global nuclear nonproliferation regime. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/arms-control-disarmament-and-nonproliferation/global-nuclear-nonproliferation-regime/p18984
Director General, International Atomic Energy Association. (2012, February 24). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Rep.). Retrieved http://isis-online.org/uploads/isis-reports/documents/IAEA_Iran_Report_24February2012.pdf
Donaldson, R. (Director). (2000). Thirteen days [Motion picture on DVD]. United States: New Line Cinema.
Gordon, M. R., & Schmitt, E. (2014, January 12). Negotiators put final touches on Iran accord. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/13/world/middleeast/iran-nuclear-deal.html
Iran nuclear deal: key points. (2014, January 20). BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25080217
Kahl, C. (2012). Not time to attack Iran. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/137031/colin-h-kahl/not-time-to-attack-iran
Kahl, C. H. (2014, January 7). Still not time to attack Iran. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/140633/colin-h-kahl/still-not-time-to-attack-iran
Kegley, C. W., & Raymond, G. A. (2012). Foreign policy decision making. In The global future: A brief introduction to world politics (5th ed., pp. 55-79). Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. (link)
Kroenig, M. (2012). Time to attack Iran. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/136917/matthew-kroenig/time-to-attack-iran
Kroenig, M. (2014, January 7). Still time to attack Iran. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/140632/matthew-kroenig/still-time-to-attack-iran
Q&A: Iran nuclear crisis. (2014, January 20). BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11709428
Rezaian, J. (2014, February 4). In Iran, opponents of a nuclear deal speak up. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/opponents-of-nuclear-deal-in-iran-speak-up/2014/02/04/08aa47c6-8d9a-11e3-99e7-de22c4311986_story.html
Rouhani: Iran is getting nuclear deal benefit. (2014, February 6). Al Jazeera. Retrieved from http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/02/rouhani-iran-getting-nuclear-deal-benefit-20142684048867466.html
Sagan, S. D. (2006). How to keep the bomb from Iran. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/61915/scott-d-sagan/how-to-keep-the-bomb-from-iran
Waltz, K. N. (2012). Why Iran should get the bomb. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/137731/kenneth-n-waltz/why-iran-should-get-the-bomb
Zengerle, P., & Mohammed, A. (2014, February 04). Iran nuclear deal 'not perfect' but buys time, top U.S. official. Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/04/us-nuclear-iran-sherman-idUSBREA1312020140204